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The Connection Between Hepatitis and HIV: What You Need to Know

Updated: Jul 31, 2023




Introduction


Hepatitis and HIV are both viral infections that can have severe health consequences if left untreated. In this blog post, we will discuss the connection between Hepatitis and HIV, focusing on how they can affect each other and the importance of prevention and testing. Don't forget to subscribe for more ways to stay up to date with your health!




The Link Between Hepatitis and HIV


While HIV does not cause hepatitis (nor does hepatitis cause HIV), there is a link between the two infections through the damage to the liver. People who are HIV positive are more likely to be diagnosed with hepatitis, primarily type C, which is known as a co-infection[3].



The Impact of HIV-Hepatitis Co-Infection


Viral hepatitis, specifically type B or C, tends to progress faster and cause more liver-related health problems among people with HIV than among those who do not have HIV[1]. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 21% of people with HIV in the United States also have Hepatitis C[8]. It is crucial to understand these risks, take steps to prevent infection, know your status, and, if necessary, get medical care from a healthcare provider experienced in treating people co-infected with HIV and Hepatitis[7].



Take Control of Your Health


To take control of your health and protect yourself from Hepatitis and HIV co-infection, you should:


1. Talk with your doctor about your risks and the importance of testing for both infections[6].

2. Get tested for Hepatitis C if you have HIV, as recommended by the HHS guidelines[6].

3. Follow the recommended methods of prevention, such as not sharing toothbrushes, razors, or other personal items that may come in contact with another person's blood[4].

4. Use condoms during sex to reduce the risk of Hepatitis C and HIV transmission[4].

5. Do not reuse or share needles, syringes, or other injection drug equipment[7].




Now that you understand more about the connection between Hepatitis and HIV, it's time to take action. Subscribe to SisterLove, Inc.'s newsletter for more information on these topics, tips, and resources. Together, we can empower ourselves and our communities to make informed decisions about our health.




References


[1] Hepatitis C Virus | NIH - Clinical Info HIV.GOV. (2023). Retrieved from https://clinicalinfo.hiv.gov/en/guidelines/hiv-clinical-guidelines-adult-and-adolescent-opportunistic-infections/hepatitis-c-virus


[3] HIV and Hepatitis: What's the Connection? - PrEP Daily. (2022). Retrieved from https://prepdaily.org/hiv-and-hepatitis-whats-the-connection/


[4] What is Hepatitis A - FAQ | CDC. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/afaq.htm


[6] Hepatitis and HIV Care | HIV.gov. (2022). Retrieved from https://www.hiv.gov/blog/hepatitis-and-hiv-care


[7] HIV and Hepatitis C Coinfection. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.hepatitis.va.gov/pdf/hiv-hcv-coinfection.pdf


[8] People Coinfected with HIV and Viral Hepatitis - CDC. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/populations/hiv.htm


Citations:

[1] https://clinicalinfo.hiv.gov/en/guidelines/hiv-clinical-guidelines-adult-and-adolescent-opportunistic-infections/hepatitis-c-virus

[2] https://clinicalinfo.hiv.gov/en/guidelines/hiv-clinical-guidelines-adult-and-adolescent-arv/coinfections-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv

[3] https://prepdaily.org/hiv-and-hepatitis-whats-the-connection/

[4] https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/afaq.htm

[5] https://www.district4health.org/carroll-county-hepatitis-a-outbreak-confirmed/

[6] https://www.hiv.gov/blog/hepatitis-and-hiv-care

[7] https://www.hepatitis.va.gov/pdf/hiv-hcv-coinfection.pdf

[8] https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/populations/hiv.htm

[9] https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/index.htm

[10] https://dph.georgia.gov/hepatitis-A

[11] https://clinicalinfo.hiv.gov/en/guidelines/hiv-clinical-guidelines-adult-and-adolescent-opportunistic-infections/hepatitis-c-0

[12] https://www.hcvguidelines.org/unique-populations/hiv-hcv

[13] https://hivinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv/fact-sheets/hiv-and-hepatitis-b

[14] https://www.sfcdcp.org/infectious-diseases-a-to-z/hepatitis-a/

[15] https://www.gnrhealth.com/hepatitis-a-prevention/

[16] https://clinicalinfo.hiv.gov/en/news/updates-guidelines-prevention-and-treatment-opportunistic-infections-adults-and-adolescents-6

[17] https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2021.726419/full

[18] https://hivinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv/fact-sheets/hiv-and-hepatitis-c

[19] https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000422.htm

[20] https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/outbreaks/2017March-HepatitisA.htm

[21] https://www.hiv.gov/topics/hepatitisc

[22] https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-the-patient-with-hiv

[23] https://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/hiv-hepatitis-link

[24] https://cobbanddouglaspublichealth.com/services/epidemiology-infectious-disease/hepatitis-a/

[25] https://clinicalinfo.hiv.gov/en/guidelines/hiv-clinical-guidelines-pediatric-opportunistic-infections/hepatitis-c-virus

[26] https://www.hiv.gov/hiv-basics/staying-in-hiv-care/other-related-health-issues/hepatitis-b-and-c

[27] https://coastalhealthdistrict.org/programs-services/immunizationsvaccinations/hepatitis-a-what-you-need-to-know/

[28] https://www.hepb.org/what-is-hepatitis-b/hivaids-co-infection/

[29] https://www.fultoncountyga.gov/inside-fulton-county/fulton-county-departments/board-of-health/public-health/epidemiology---boh/hepatitis-a

[30] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1126882/

[31] https://www.ajc.com/news/state--regional/hepatitis-outbreak-threatens-georgia-beaten-back-far/MesXpQNnt7vJkuoQJtrLOL/

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